The aboriginal tribes of India are the oldest inhabitants of the country. Government planners see education as indispensable for helping tribal peoples cope with national integration. Education will also determine their prosperity, success and security in life. The tribes which remain either deprived of or negligent toward education will suffer the consequence. Compared with the literacy rates of 29.34% for the general population, literacy among tribal peoples in India is at most 6%.The Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes asserts that unless exploitation among the tribes is combatted and eliminated through education, no improvement in tribal welfare will occur. Within tribal areas, education can be the basis for integrated development.